Friday, January 24, 2014

Paper Making Inclusions

So just what is an inclusion? In paper making an inclusions can be anything from glitter, plant materials, threads, or any other materials you select  to give your papers an interesting look, color, or texture.

There are so many things that can be added to your home made papers.


Glitters:  Are always a great way to add some bling to your papers. The finer dust version  will  swirl, mix and blend very well into your slurry. Play with them all to see what you like best.


Coffee and Tea: Both of these can add color as well as texture. You can use these for coloring just by adding the drinks to your pulp, or you can add the grounds or leaves to your slurry. Doing this will add both spots of color and texture.


Threads:  Silk threads are very nice, embroidery threads also work well and you can find any color you wish to use. Take your time to separate the threads so that they do not clump up.


Dried flower petals and leaves and grasses: collect some flowers and leaves from your garden. Do not over mix these when adding them to your pulp as they will just become part of the pulp and you will not see the petals. Also when adding darker colored flowers  some tend to bleed into the surrounding paper.

Dandelion spores are completely incredible, as tiny and flimsy as they are, they can be easily seen in your  finished pieces of paper.


Herbs: Most of us have plenty of these right in our kitchens either growing in pots or in our cupboards. A pinch is all you need.  Lavender and Rosemary as well as other will also add a nice scent to your papers.


Colored papers: Punch out a bunch of small shapes with a paper punch, Cut the papers into small thin strips, or just cut up freehand into small odd shapes. It is just a great way to add some visual effects into your papers.


Old pieces of cloth: one way to use old cloth would be to use old jeans  by cutting them up very, very  small or by fraying them and using the strings.


This is just a small sample of inclusions to get you started. What can you come up with? Now this is where you get to play mad scientist, start playing with and mixing different inclusions  with different pulps and seeing what you end up with.


Your papers are works of art all by them self so enjoy this process and always remember to keep records of how your beautiful creations  came to be so that they can be recreated if needed.  

Feel free to leave a comment and let me know what your favorite inclusions are and how you use them!!!

If you have found this useful you will want to check out these other links.

Paper making made easy

I just love it when you can take something that is totally useless and heading for the trash, and find a way to turn it into something useful and beautiful! Which has lead me to the first new craft I will be learning this year, Paper Making. I have seen plenty of youtube videos showing how easy it is to make paper so let's give it a shot. Since there was not one that contained all of the information needed I also went to the library and did some further research. Before you read on also check out the crafty terms section so that you are familiar with them as they will be used in these instructions.
Since I am new to paper making spending the least amount of money possible was my main priority. Learning the dip method of paper making seemed the cheapest way to go so that is  where I am starting.
Supplies/Tools  needed :
*An old blender
* Vat
* Mold N Deckle: I used 6 molds and 1 deckle(1 mold for each piece of paper out of the batch that was creating
*Couching Sheets: For this I  purchased  non fusible pellon from JoAnne's fabric store which was $5.99 a yard
*Cover Screen: A piece of plastic or nylon screening the same size as the hand mold placed on top after paper is formed to remove excess water.
*Sponge : Any kind will work fine to help remove the excess water.
*Scrap Paper:  To make your pulp

*Notes of paper types*
Colored paper: Most of these dyes are very strong and pass on bright hues while others will add a soft tint.

Construction paper: A little of this goes a long way especially when you want to make your papers a certain color.

Copy paper: Always a good choice when you do not have enough scrap paper at the time, and a great way to lighten up one of the colored papers shade.

Envelopes: Most envelopes have long fibers that will help strengthen your homemade papers.

Gift wrap - This makes a great base for homemade paper. Not to mention the great metallic's that  can give your papers that bit of glitz

Junk mail:- Always a good choice, it comes in a multitude of colors and everyone seems to have it.

Magazines: The inks on the glossy paper tend make the pulp gummy. But I find it very useful for making inclusions  to add to my papers.

Newspaper - Does not make the best homemade papers, if a  gray pulp is what you want give it a try then compare your papers made from other sources.




Step 1: Making your mold and deckle


To make the mold and deckles I went to the dollar store and picked up a bunch of photo frames, and used some old window screening that I had left over from redoing the screen porch door a while back.

You will need 1 frame  for your deckle  part and 1 frame for each mold you will be making.

I have tried a lot of different methods for paper making that I have found all over the internet and they all seem to make quite a mess. So the way I do it is a bit different, as I have found it a lot easier to make my papers by leaving  the wet pulp on the mold until it has dried. So when I make my papers I have 6 molds for 1 deckle. Doing it this way for me was way less messy, a  press was not needed, and wet papers did not need to be transferred to dry felts and stacked to dry evenly.

Cut screening an inch larger than your frame on all sides.

Hot glue the screening onto the photo frame so that it is tight.

This mold and deckle was made from a double photo frame to make 2 smaller pieces of paper at the same time.


Step 2: Create your pulp
Creating the pulp is quite simple just gather up all your old scrap papers, flyers, newspapers, old mail, wrapping  paper, any kind of paper will do. I separated the colors so I could somewhat figure out what colors I would end up with when I used or mixed them.(as you see in the image below mine are kept in the  storage containers that I made a few years back in a Water Bottle Challenge )

The smaller  you cut your pulp papers the shorter amount of time you will have to let them soak before you can blend them. I would suggest that your pieces be no larger than 1 inch squares. This also makes it less likely that you will burn out your blenders motor.


let paper pieces soak anywhere between 1 hour up to over night the longer the paper pieces soak the more they break down allowing them to blend easier.

The papers I made in this tutorial were all made using the labels off of water bottles

 If you want to use your paper to write or paint on, you can blend in a tablespoon or so of white glue, corn starch, or gelatin (dissolved in hot water), or 2 teaspoons of liquid starch. These additives, which are called "sizing," make the paper less porous to ink and paint.


Blend the paper pieces for 40-60 seconds to get a nice pulp.


If  you will be adding inclusions to your paper, here is where you would add the inclusions into the blender and mix another 1-2 seconds or you can add them right into the vat before you dip your mold.




Step 3: Fill your vat


Fill your vat with 2 to 6 inches of water. The goal is to have your pulp in a sort of watery suspension so that it can be evenly spread onto your mold. A good ratio for your vat is about one blender full of pulp for every two inches of water.


As the amount of  pulp in the water will determine the thickness of your papers, you may want to play with different ratios once you see how your finished sheets of paper have turned out. Keep track of what pulps you have used, the amounts used , as well as any inclusions you have used, so that you can reproduce the same papers again.



Step 4:Time to Dip


Give your slurry  a good mix with your fingers to get it all floating. Now gently lower the mold and deckle at an angle, screen side up, into the tub starting with one edge and slide it to a horizontal position near the bottom. Gently shake the mold and deckle side to side. Now quickly lift the mold and deckle straight up, allowing fibers to coat the mold and to allow the excess water to drain through the bottom and back into your vat.




Step 5: Removing excess water.


Now that you have your pulp on the mold remove the deckle and place a loose piece of screening over the top of your pulp. Place these two on top of one of your felts.

Using a sponge gently remove some of the excess water from your paper . 

Flip your mold over and continue to remove all of the excess water out that you can.

Once your felt is to wet to absorb any more water place a new one down.

 Remove the top piece of extra screening and set your molds somewhere warm to dry.

I lined mine up in front of a heating vent since its winter here in Wisconsin 
and that is the warmest place in the house.

You can also stack them to dry.


Step 6: Your finished paper.


When your paper is completely dry simply peel it off of the screen. You are now ready to use your new home made papers in your crafts.

I get between (4-6)  6x8 pieces of paper per cup of paper.

This project cost me 
$5.99 for the pellon 
$9.00 for the frames
$0 for window screening that I had laying around
$0 for the vat that I had laying around
$0 old blender that I had laying around
$0 for the sponge that I had laying around
$0 for the scrap paper I used the labels off of water bottles
Total of $14.99
And from now on all the paper i make will cost $0 you can not go wrong with that price for a crafting supply!!!

All being said, paper making is not very complicated, but I will have to spend some more time experimenting with different types of papers and additives to see if I can achieve more superior pieces of paper. Ones that can be use in my crafting projects with pride. If you use this tutorial please leave me a comment and let me know how it worked for you.. I would also love to see the papers your have created so don't be shy share away, :)

If you have found this useful you will want to check out these other links.

Wednesday, January 15, 2014

Basic paper making terms

Mold and Deckle - This is a two part frame that is used when making paper.  
The bottom part is the mold: this frame is covered with a screen to allow the water to run through, so that the paper pulp can collect on top of the screen, forming the sheet of paper.
The top part is the deckle.  It determines the size of the paper.
There are 2 different types of mold and deckles, pour and dip.

Vat - The container used that will hold the pulp and water while you create your paper.

Press Bar - a smooth block of wood or plastic to help remove the water from the wet sheet

Pulp - A mix of plant fibers and water.

Slurry - when the pulp is added to the vat of water slurry is created

Couch - (pronounced “cooch”) The process of transferring a newly formed sheet of paper from the mold to felt.

Couch Sheets - This is blotter type paper or cloth used to help remove excess water from the wet sheets.

Cover Screen - plastic or nylon the same size as the hand mold

Inclusions anything extra that is added to the slurry or pulp such as dried herbs, flowers, glitter etc

Curl or cockle - when the paper shrinks unevenly causing the paper to not be flat

Deckle Edge - The natural, untrimmed edge formed on the paper by the deckle.

Dip method - Dipping the mold into the vat that contains the slurry.

Pour method - Placing the mold into a vat of water and then pouring the slurry into the mold.

If you have found this useful you will want to check out these other links.